Johansson was part of Jurgen Klinsmann's 23-man squad for the finals in Brazil, the USA impressing many with their performances in reaching the second round, where they were beaten 2-1 by Belgium after extra-time.
The 23-year-old featured in the opening match - a 2-1 win over Ghana - as a first-half substitute for the injured Jozy Altidore.
Johannsson failed to make any further appearances in the tournament, and a statement on AZ's official website on Friday confirmed he was to undergo the procedure.
"Aron Johannsson will this month have surgery on his ankle," it read.
"The striker suffered for a while with the complaint to the joint. Johannsson is expected to be out of action for six to eight weeks."
The news comes as a blow to AZ, who were indebted to Johannsson's 17 league goals for their eighth-place finish in Eredivisie last season.
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