The reigning world and European champions were stunned as Robin van Persie and Arjen Robben netted braces in the Group B clash on Friday.
Del Bosque said his players had discussed the loss in the dressing room after the defeat left them in a 'delicate situation' ahead of matches against Chile and Australia.
"I feel bad, I’m disappointed but with enough courage to get over the defeat. We came out well and then the first half ended in a draw," he told TVE.
"The dressing room has responded well because we’re a squad of professionals and good guys, both those who’ve played and those that didn’t. There are not accusatory glares.
"There was an uplifting conversation and it’s good for the team. We have to talk about it."
Xabi Alonso had given Spain a 27th-minute lead from the penalty spot before the Dutch dominated the second half after Van Persie's stunning diving header just prior to half-time.
Robben netted twice after the break to go with efforts from Van Persie and Stefan de Vrij as the Netherlands cruised to victory in the 2010 FIFA World Cup final rematch.
Del Bosque, who refused to blame goalkeeper Iker Casillas for the loss, said his team would need to improve their defence.
"It’s inexplicable, I’m speechless. We didn’t shore up the defence, but we handled ourselves well," he said.
"Today we were very loose and we’ll have to put something in place that we should’ve had for Van Persie and Robben.
"In the first half we found space. We found avenues with (Andres) Iniesta and (David) Silva ... everything seemed to be going well, until we were on our back heels.
"They left us depressed while they were in a state of euphoria."
Get the best features, fun and footballing frolics straight to your inbox every week.
Thank you for signing up to Four Four Two. You will receive a verification email shortly.
There was a problem. Please refresh the page and try again.