USA outclass Colombia to reach quarters
The U.S. were too strong physically for the lightweight South Americans, who were never allowed to settle into their close passing game, and they could easily have doubled their tally as they dominated the Group C game in Sinsheim.
Heather O'Reilly opened the scoring with a powerful, dipping 25-metre shot in the 12th minute before Megan Rapinoe and Carli Lloyd scored in a seven-minute spell early in the second half to finish off the match as a contest.
The U.S. have six points from two games in Group C and have qualified for the last eight alongside Sweden, who earlier beat North Korea 1-0 and also have maximum points.
"Sometimes we were really good, sometimes not so good," said U.S. coach Pia Sundhage, who faces her native Sweden in the final group game.
"We need to work on controlling the game regardless of whether it's defence or attack, sometimes we are too eager to find the final pass instead of keeping it."
The U.S., who have not conceded a goal so far, had already missed several chances before O'Reilly fired them in front against opponents who are taking part in the finals for the first time after qualifying at the expense of Argentina.
Abby Wambach shot straight at goalkeeper Sandra Sepulveda after finding herself free on the left and Amy Rodriguez then blasted over from the rebound.
Shortly afterwards, Colombia lost possession and Rodriguez found herself free again only to shoot wide.
However, the U.S. made the breakthrough when Colombia's Liana Salazar failed to control the ball which fell to O'Reilly whose powerful effort left Sepulveda helpless.
Wambach missed two headers, one from only a couple of metres, and Rodriguez was wayward again as the U.S. squandered further chances.
They could have paid dearly when Katerin Castro had the ball in the net for Colombia in first-half stoppage-time but her effort was disallowed for offside.
That appeared to rattle the U.S. who quickly finished off the game after the break.
Rapinoe made it 2-0 five minutes into the second half with an emphatic finish after being set by Lauren Cheney's incisive pass.
Lloyd added another with a long-range shot that slipped through Sepulveda's hands seven minutes later.
Rapinoe and Wambach then both hit the woodwork against the flagging Colombians in the closing stages.