Beyond the simple premise that outfield players aren’t allowed to handle the ball, the application of the law is often heavily disputed.
Other than punishing any instance of the ball touching an outfield player’s hand, regardless of intent, there will always be a large subjective element to the referee’s decision.
Two laws have been revised by the International Football Association Board (IFAB), changing how handball is interpreted by officials.
The first change concerns the interpretation of a player's intent and what constitutes a deliberate act of handball.
Referees will be looking for a deliberate action by the player, with a focus on whether the hand or arm is in a natural position or not.
But the player's proximity to where the ball was struck will still be an important consideration for officials when making their decision.
The second change concerns accidental handball in the build-up to a goal.
If an attacking player accidentally handles the ball before another player scores, the goal will now be awarded.
But any player who accidentally handles the ball immediately before scoring themselves will continue to be penalised.
It's important to note that a player still can't score a goal with their arm, even if it's accidental.
The use of VAR in the Premier League saw several handball incidents picked up last season that would otherwise have gone unnoticed.
A sweeping pass into the box was headed down by Lucas Digne, striking Joel Ward on the hand a metre or so away.
Nothing was given by referee Kevin Friend, but the video assistant referee asked him to view the pitch-side monitor and he awarded a penalty, which was scored by Richarlison.
That week, the interpretation of the handball law changed to factor in a player’s ‘expected’ arm position and their ability to react.
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