Poland and Ukraine dismiss Panorama allegations
The neighbours, who will share matches between 16 countries throughout June leading to a July 1 final in the Ukrainian capital, moved to counteract a BBC Panorama investigative programme on football violence filmed in their countries.
The programme, aired on Monday, contained footage of fans giving Nazi salutes, taunting black players with monkey noises, anti-Semitic chants and a group of Asian students being attacked at the Metalist Stadium in Kharkiv, one of the four Ukrainian cities which will be hosting group matches.
Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk said: "Nobody who comes to Poland will be in any danger because of his race."
"This is not our custom, as is not pointing out similar incidents in other countries, although we know they take place. In Poland, they're a rarity," he told a news conference in Rome.
In Kiev, Ukraine's foreign ministry went further, saying the allegations were a "dreamed up and mythical problem".
"You can criticise Ukrainian society for a lot of things... but, in the practice of racism, European Union member countries are a long way ahead of Ukraine," said ministry spokesman Oleh Voloshyn in comments reported by Interfax news agency.
For Ukraine, the racism allegations have only added to a deluge of other bad publicity ahead of Euro 2012, a competition which the former Soviet republic had hoped would showcase it as a modern state eligible to join the European Union.
The jailing of opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko has triggered charges of backsliding on democracy from the EU, some of whose politicians are threatening to boycott Euro 2012.
Reports of high-level corruption, excessive hotel prices, violence against participants of a Gay pride meeting and graphic images of a brawl among law-makers in parliament over a language law have further damaged Ukraine's international image.
Ukrainian authorities particularly fear the bad publicity could translate into low ticket sales and reduced tourist revenue to the detriment of their indebted economy.
Ukrainian authorities and sports figures were particularly stung by comments by former England international Sol Campbell who, in the Panorama programme, warned England fans not to travel to Euro 2012 because of the threat of racism and violence.
Campbell, who played 73 times for England and appeared at six major tournaments, said: "Stay at home, watch it on TV. Don't even risk it... because you could end up coming back in a coffin."
His comments follow announcements from the families of two black England players who said they would not go to the championship.
Ukrainian players rallied to their country's defence.
Striker Andriy Shevchenko, who formerly played for the English club Chelsea, said: "We do not have any real problems with racism here. Ukraine is a very peaceful country and people here are very friendly. I know that everything will be done for Euro 2012 to take place at a high level."
Oleh Luzhny, who formerly played for London's Arsenal, was quoted by the online publication Korrespondent.net as saying: "No, no and no again. I have never heard any talk about this problem [racism]. We have Nigerian football players here and I have never heard about outbreaks of racism."
UEFA 2012 director Markiyan Lubkivsky, faced with a barrage of questions on racism following the Panorama programme, pleaded to journalists to declare a "moratorium" on negative information about the championship.
"So much mud has been heaped on this championship, and on the process of preparing for it. Ninety percent of all the information is just not true," he told a Kiev news conference.
He said UEFA saw no threat to citizens of various nationalities who came to Ukraine for Euro 2012. "There are no threats," he said.
Directly addressing Campbell's comments, he said: "These [comments] were for us simply insulting and we do not know what the aim of this statement was."